نکاتی که باید بدانید: Conjunctions
Conjunctions are linking words like and, or, but, then and because:
They knocked down all the houses and they built a car park.
Are there four or five people living in that house?
My shoes look great but are not very comfortable.
And, but, either … or, etc. (coordinating conjunctions)
Coordinating conjunctions connect items which are the same grammatical type, e.g. words, phrases, clauses. The most common coordinating conjunctions are and, or, but.
Which do you prefer? [word]Red or [word]blue?
The meal was [phrase]very expensive and [phrase]not very nice.
[clause]There are seats outside but [clause]some people don’t like sitting outdoors.
My grandmother’s name was Wall. But she became Jenkins when she got married to my grandfather. (In very formal writing, we don’t normally start a sentence with but.)
[prefix]Pro- and [prefix]anti-government supporters waited outside the parliament.
Some coordinating conjunctions have two parts: either … or …, neither … nor …, both … and …:
You can drink chocolate milk either hot in the winter or cold in the summer.
Neither Lisa nor Helena had been to Italy before. (Lisa hadn’t been to Italy before and Helena hadn’t been to Italy before.)
Both you and I know what really happened. (You know and I know what happened.)
Apart from two-word conjunctions, we only use one conjunction to connect words or phrases:
Because my alarm didn’t go off, I was late for work.
Not: Because my alarm didn’t go off, so I was late for work.