نمونه سوال اخیر بخش اسپیکینگ تافل ۲۰۱۸ (Task 2)

توضیح در مورد بخش اسپیکینگ تافل و نمونه سوالات اخیر این بخش در ۲۰۱۸

سوالات بخش اسپیکینگ تافل به دو بخش کلی Integrated (ادغامی) و Independent (مستقل) تقسیم می‌شوند. در سوالات Integrated، که معمولاً دارای چهار بخش است، علاوه بر سوال، متن یا کلیپی وجود دارد که درک آن در ارائه ی پاسخ شما اهمیت دارد. اما بخش Independent، بر خلاف Integrated، تنها اسپیکینگ شما را مورد ارزیابی قرار می‌دهد، و شما به جز متن سوال نیاز به درک چیزی بیشتر ندارید.

دو سوال Independent بخش اسپیکینگ تافل دارای الگویی کلی هستند و معمولاً در چارچوب مشخصی مطرح می‌شوند. در اینجا چهار الگوی سوال اول Independent را توضیح داده و نمونه سوالات اخیر در بخش اسپیکینگ تافل که بر اساس این الگوها مطرح شده را ارائه کردیم. در این مقاله قصد داریم پنج الگوی سوال دوم Independent را همراه با نمونه سوالات اخیر آن در بخش اسپیکینگ تافل در سال ۲۰۱۸ ارائه کنیم:

 

۱- موافقت یا مخالفت

در این گونه سوالات جمله ای مطرح شده و از شما خواسته می شود با ارائه ی دلایل و مثال های مشخص موافقت یا مخالفت خود را بیان کنید.

مثال:

 

“Do you agree or disagree that students should bring their cellphones to school? Use details and examples to support your explanation.”

جملات رایج برای پاسخ به این گونه سوالات از بخش اسپیکینگ تافل عبارتند از:

I agree/disagree that …:
I agree that students should bring their cellphones to school.

I agree/disagree with the idea that ….:
I agree to the idea that students should bring their cellphones to school.

I agree/disagree with (subject + Verb-ing):
I agree with students bringing their cellphones to school.

Some people believe that …, but I disagree:
Some people believe that students should bring their cellphones to school, but I disagree. 

۲- ترجیح

سوالی از شما پرسیده می شود که در آن دو گزینه ارائه گردیده و شما باید با ذکر دلایل و مثال های مشخص بگویید کدام گزینه را ترجیح می دهید.

مثال:

“Would you prefer to have a higher-paying job with longer hours or a lower-paying job with shorter hours? Use details and examples to support your explanation.”

 

اصطلاحات رایج برای پاسخ به این گونه سوالات از بخش اسپیکینگ تافل به شرح زیر است:

I prefer to ___ (verb + object):
I prefer to find information by reading books.

To me, ____ (Option A) is far preferable to ____ (Option B):
To me, eating at restaurants is far preferable to eating at home.

I prefer ____ (Option A) to/over ____ (Option B):
I prefer having a higher-paying job with longer hours to having a lower-paying job with shorter hours.

۳- اگر… / خیالی

در یک سوال “اگر…/خیالی” شما با یک موقعیت فرضی روبرو هستید و باید بگویید چه کار انجام می دهید یا چه چیزی را انتخاب می کنید. بر خلاف سوالات ترجیحی، شما در این مورد می توانید هر گونه پاسخی که متناسب با سوال ارائه شده باشد را مطرح کنید. 

مثال:

“If you had a small amount of money, would you spend it right away or save it? Use details and examples to support your explanation.”

 

به یاد داشته باشید که هنگام صحبت در مورد موقعیت های فرضی باید از جملات شرطی نوع دوم استفاده کنید.

 “If I had a small amount of money, I would choose to save it for a number of reasons.”

 “If + Subject + Past Simple, Subject + would/could/might + verb” :شرطی نوع دوم 

۴- توصیف یا توضیح:

در این گونه سوالات شما باید فردی را توصیف کنید – مخصوصاً شاخصه های مثبت فرد – یا شی خاصی را توضیح دهید. در بعضی موارد از آزمون دهنده خواسته شده تا نظر خود در مورد یکی از موضوعات اسپیکینگ تافل را توضیح دهد و برای نظرات خود دلیل بیاورد. 

مثال:

“Do you think bicycles will still be widely used in the future or replaced by other means of transportation?”

“What is an important benefit that an employer can offer to make sure employees are happy and healthy? Explain your answer.”

عبارات رایج برای پاسخ به این گونه سوالات از بخش اسپیکینگ تافل:

In my opinion, _____:
In my opinion, not all university students should be required to read the same book before entering their first year of study

 

In my view, _____:
In my view, bicycles will become obsolete due to the emergence of other means of transportation.

As far as I am concerned, _____:
As far as I am concerned, the most important benefit that an employer can offer to make sure employees are happy and healthy is a great health care package.

It is my belief that _____:
It is my belief that it should not be a requirement that all college students take at least one philosophy class.

۵- نقاط قوت و ضعف

موضوعی پیش روی شما قرار داده می شود و از شما خواسته می شود تا فقط در مورد نقاط قوت و ضعف آن صحبت کنید.

مثال:

“Should universities allow students to watch TV in their dormitories? What is your opinion and why? What are the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV in dormitories? Include reasons and examples to support your response.”

“Should young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports? What is your opinion and why? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.”

 

بهتر است برای پاسخ به این سوالات، با واژه های هم معنی advantages و disadvantages نیز آشنا باشیم:

Upsides and downsides

Benefits and drawbacks

Pros and cons

Positive aspects and negative aspects

 

 


نمونه سوالات بخش اسپیکینگ تافل ۲۰۱۸ (Task 2):

موافقت یا مخالفت

– Do you agree or disagree with the statement that female and male university students should have separate residence halls?

– Do you agree or disagree that it is important for young people to learn some domestic skills like cooking, sewing and taking care of children?  

– Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If you want to succeed in business, being outgoing and friendly is very important.  

– Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should forbid violence and bad language in TV programs. Use specific reasons and examples in your answer.  

– Do you agree or disagree with the statement that experienced doctors are better than young doctors?

– Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is never too late to get a degree in university. 

– Do you agree or disagree that it is important for children to learn to draw or paint?

– Do you agree or disagree that a celebrity should set a good example for young people? Use details and examples to support your explanation.  

– Some people believe that we should not discuss the private activities of popular people, like movie stars and singers. Do you agree or disagree with this view? 

– Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the popularity of the technology that focuses on entertainment, people read fewer books than before. 

– Some people think that with the development of technology and the Internet, libraries will disappear, while others think libraries are always necessary. Which opinion do you agree?

– Some people believe old people should not take risks and participate in adventurous events as the young people. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

 

ترجیح

– Some universities expect the students to choose a major field of study when they enter the school; while other universities wait until the second or the third year before students deciding to choose a major field of study. Which do you prefer? Why or why not?

– Which one do you prefer? To buy the newly-released e-product as soon as possible or to wait for a while and then decide whether you want to buy it or not.  

– Some people prefer to buy new books while some people would like to buy used books, what is your opinion?  

– If you are to choose between 2 apartments to live in next semester, one apartment is near the campus but slightly expensive, the other is a little far from the campus but cheaper, which one do you prefer and why?  

– You have been very busy and unable to prepare for the exam tomorrow. You can either stay up late to study and sleepless or just study less and get full night’s sleep. Which will you choose?

– Some people prefer sending messages while others prefer making phone calls directly. Which one do you prefer? 

– Some people prefer to give their opinions immediately. Others prefer to wait and listen to others’ opinions before giving their own. Which one do you think is better?

– Some people prefer to finish the assignment a long time before the due date while others prefer finishing assignments right before the due date. Which one do you prefer?

– Some people prefer to watch entertainment programs on television. Others prefer to watch educational programs. Which do you prefer? 

– Some people prefer to buy new books while some people would like to buy used books, what is your opinion? 

– Some students think it is good to choose the future career before entering the university. Others think it is good to take a few university classes before choosing the future career. Which one do you prefer? 

 

توصیف یا توضیح:

– Should schools engage in character education to instill morals and values in children?

– Some people think that those children who do not want to keep learning a musical instrument course should be required to keep learning the course; While others think that those children should be allowed to make decisions by themselves. What is your opinion and why? Use examples and details in your explanation. 

– Is it better to use your extra money to buy some objects like clothes or electronic products, or is it better to use the extra money to increase your experiences like going for a vacation or a concert? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 

– If the police stop a driver who is driving drunk (after drinking alcohol), do you think that the person’s driver’s license should be taken away? Support your answer. 

– Many people think that students study course materials more effectively by taking exams, while others think that students learn more effectively through doing other activities like completing projects, which one do you think is more effective? 

– Do you think it is important for parents to teach their kids to learn how to manage money? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion. 

– Nowadays people use extreme methods, like surgery to change their appearance. They do this because they are trying to become more attractive. Do you think this is a good idea? 

– Do you think that parents should be allowed to educate their children at home, or should they be required to send children to school outside the home? Support your answer.  

 

 


مطالب مرتبط:

نمونه سوالات اخیر اسپیکینگ آیلتس – ژوئن ۲۰۱۸

بخش اسپیکینگ آزمون تافل (Task 1) به همراه نمونه سوالات ۲۰۱۸

محصولات مرتبط

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