paraphrase کردن در رایتینگ آیلتس : اعداد و ارقام

paraphrase کردن در رایتینگ آیلتس

چندی پیش در مقاله ای از اهمیت paraphrase کردن در رایتینگ آیلتس و راهکارهای آن صحبت کردیم. (از اینجا بخوانید). یکی از مشکل ترین مفاهیم برای بیان کردن به شیوه های مختلف، گزارش اعداد و ارقام هستند. به ویژه در تسک اول رایتینگ آیلتس آکادمیک شما با این اعداد و ارقام بسیار سروکار خواهید داشت. در ادامه روش های مختلف گزارش آنها را با ذکر مثال نشان می دهیم.

درصدها

نمونه های زیر را در نظر بگیرید و سپس جملات مثال را بخوانید تا با شیوه های مختلف گزارش کردن درصدها آشنا شوید.

  • Four fifths – 80%
  • Three quarters – 75%
  • Seven out of ten – 70%
  • Just over half – 53%
  • Two fifths – 40%
  • Just over a third – 35%
  • Just under a third – 30%
  • One quarter -25%
  • a fifth – 20%
  • Less than a fifth – 15%
  • One in ten – 10% (this is used for people or objects)
  • From two fifths to less than a fifth – From 40% to 15% (for trends graphs)
  • Halved (verb) – dropped by half

مثال ها:

  1. Around fourth fifths of university students stated that the library was the best place for their research.
  2. Coal accounted for one quarter of fossil fuels used as an energy source.
  3. One in ten people reported that they went to fast food restaurants at least once a month.
  4. According to the graph, car production in France halved between 1999 and 2004.
  5. Just under a third of visitors stated that they were happy with the renovations in the museum.
  6. Exports of semiconductors dropped from two fifths to less than a fifth in a period of three years.

گراف ها

دو نمودار زیر را در نظر بگیرید و گزارش های مختلف آن را در ادامه بخوانید. به شیوه های متفاوت گزارش کردن توجه کنید.

paraphrase کردن در رایتینگ آیلتس
paraphrase کردن در رایتینگ آیلتس

جملات مثال:

  • 40% of people stated that comfort was a factor in driving to work.
    ≈ Two-fifths of the people polled stated that comfort was a factor in driving to work.
  • The proportion of people stating that they cycled to work to reduce pollution stood at 30%.
    ≈ The proportion of people stating that they cycled to work to reduce pollution stood at just under a third.
  • 11% of people said that driving to work was safer than cycling.
    ≈ Slightly more than one in ten people said that driving to work was safer than cycling.
  • 15% of people stated that they cycled to work because they did not have to worry about parking.
    ≈ Less than a fifth of people stated that they cycled to work because they did not have to worry about parking.

به یاد داشته باشید که paraphrase کردن در رایتینگ آیلتس از مهارت های کلیدی است که شما برای گرفتن نمره بالا به آن نیاز خواهید داشت.

 

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